Prostitution trafficking and feminism an update on the debate
55These different situations deserve careful consideration and reflection since, in addition to the paradigmatic type of sexual trafficking the situation in which a woman has clearly been deceived and is forced to work as a prostitute for the first time against her will, through the.
There seem to be no clear, one-size-fits-all answer.
Agents will also be punished for practising these acts, whether professionally with lucrative intentions or by taking advantage of the psychological incapacity or any vulnerability associated with the victim, or by obtaining the consent of the person who has control over the victim.
As trafficking is closely linked to prostitution, abolitionist feminists argue that the former is more easily fought by fighting prostitution and believe that the path followed by various states, including Holland and Germany, which involves establishing a distinction between trafficking and prostitution, is dangerous.2During the past decade the problem of human trafficking, although not new, has been the subject of reinforced legislation designed to combat.Only in a few countries are women who work as prostitutes effectively protected by the law and, as we have seen in the case of Portugal, the stereotypes and preconceptions relating to prostitution and immigrant women of particular nationalities may mean that the law.53There is therefore a risk of producing a definition of trafficking that establishes hierarchies informed by moral values, which ultimately lead to the setting up of legal and/or practical barriers between women who deserve more help, women who deserve a relative amount of help and.13In our view, the trafficking of women for the purposes of sexual exploitation should be understood, initially, from this perspective.Based on the attention drawn to these worldwide goals, some may think that instances of human trafficking have decreased.2 In the opinion of the interviewees, the lower profile of these groups in Portugal is primarily due (.) 19In our study, tráfico sexual em Portugal para fins de exploração sexual we identified some of these trends, particularly through an analysis of the press that.In their view, by legalising prostitution the message that states are sending out to women is that, within a context of culturally acceptable patriarchal practices, when all other opportunities have run out society will provide them with another which they should not refuse, namely selling.61Fourthly, an in-depth debate is necessary on the subject of consent.Santos, 2004; Kapur, 2006).Because of the strong social stigma attached to female prostitutes, their civil and human rights are frequently violated (Anderson and Davidson, 2002: 40).
14 It should be noted, first of all, that the change in classification reflects the seriousness of this type of crime.
In our understanding, this is not to deny that sex trafficking exists as a form of violence against women, but to demand that multiple perspectives be taken into account when considering the phenomenon.
These conditions imply that everything should be treated as a commodity, including labour.The recent, sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) have drawn attention to various issues concerning global sustainable development.34During the negotiations for the Protocol it was quickly agreed that enforced prostitution came under the proposed definition of trafficking, but there was intense discussion on whether prostitution in general should be included (Engle, 2004: 58).This net has nowadays been weakened to such an extent that, when faced with unemployment, even the middle classes find themselves in need of assistance.Moreover, these are variables that have made feminist studies enter into a dialogue with other theories.
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